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Logistics for Ecommerce: Common Terms (Part 1)

Logistics for Ecommerce: Common Terms (Part 1)

In the world of logistics, understanding the terminology used can be a daunting task. From acronyms like ASN and OMS, to terms like bottleneck and consignment, there's a wide range of terms that are commonly used in the logistics field. In this article, we'll take a closer look at some of these terms to help you gain a better understanding of the logistics industry.

Advanced Shipping Notice (ASN)

An ASN, or Advanced Shipping Notice, is a notification sent to customers or other parties within the supply chain to inform them that a shipment is on its way. This notice provides details such as the estimated time of arrival (ETA) and allows for better coordination and scheduling.

Advanced Material Request (AMR)

An AMR, or Advanced Material Request, is a request made by a company to order additional materials or packaging before production or any other specific event. This ensures that the necessary materials are available when needed.

Agent

An agent is someone who acts on behalf of another party to handle specific tasks or solve problems. It can be a customs broker, a dropshipper, or any intermediary who assists in managing logistics operations.

Air Cargo

Air cargo refers to goods that are transported via air. This mode of transportation is typically used for shipping products rather than passengers.

Airway Bill (AWB)

An airway bill is a shipping label used for shipments that are transported by air. It contains information such as the destination address, contents of the package, and other relevant details.

Bill of Lading (BOL)

A bill of lading is a document that serves as a shipping label for cargo transported via ocean freight. It includes information about the shipment, the destination, and other important details.

Bottleneck

A bottleneck refers to a part of a process that limits the overall output compared to other parts of the process. It can be a constraint that slows down the entire logistics operation.

Buffer

A buffer is a reserve or safety stock that is added to the quantity or time to ensure smooth operations and avoid problems. It provides a margin of error in case of unexpected changes or delays.

Packing List

A packing list is a document that provides a summary of the shipment, including the contents, dimensions, weight, and other relevant information. It helps the carrier determine the space required for the shipment.

Commercial Invoice

A commercial invoice is a document that serves as a declaration of goods being shipped. It contains information such as the buyer and seller's details, a description of the goods, value, and other necessary information for customs clearance.

SKU (Stock Keeping Unit)

An SKU, or Stock Keeping Unit, is a unique identifier for a specific product within inventory management. It helps differentiate different variations of a product, such as size, color, or material.

These are just a few of the common terms used in the logistics field. Understanding these terms can help you navigate the logistics process more effectively and communicate more efficiently with your logistics partners.

Keywords

ASN, Advanced Shipping Notice, AMR, Advanced Material Request, agent, air cargo, airway bill, bill of lading, bottleneck, buffer, packing list, commercial invoice, SKU

FAQ

  1. What is an Advanced Shipping Notice (ASN)? An ASN is a notification sent to customers or other parties within the supply chain to inform them that a shipment is on its way. It includes details such as the estimated time of arrival (ETA).

  2. What is a bottleneck in logistics? A bottleneck refers to a part of a process that restricts the overall output compared to other parts. It can cause delays or limitations in the logistics operation.

  3. What is a packing list? A packing list is a document that provides a summary of the shipment, including the contents, dimensions, weight, and other relevant details. It helps the carrier determine the space required for the shipment.

  4. What is an SKU? An SKU, or Stock Keeping Unit, is a unique identifier for a specific product within inventory management. It helps differentiate different variations of a product, such as size, color, or material.